Rug_5

Hand-Knotted Persian rugs


mixture of Persian and Turkish weaving methodPersian Weaving strategy

Turkish Weaving Method

Fusion Method


Ancient resources regularly create the warp and weft
The Tools
To be able to operate the loom, the weaver requires a number of crucial resources: a knife for cutting the yarn as knots are tied up; a comb-like tool for loading down the wefts; and a couple of shears for trimming the pile.In Persian carpet Tabriz the knife is combined with a hook to connect the knots which lets the weavers create extremely good rugs, as his or her hands alone are way too dense to do the job.A small metal brush is sometimes always comb out the yarn after every row of knots is finished. This both tightens the weave and explains the look.

Blades
Hooks
Combs
Many different tools can be used for loading the weft. Some weaving areas in Iran known for producing very good pieces utilize extra resources. In Kerman, a saber like instrument is used horizontally within the shed, as well as in Bidjar a heavy nail like device is used. Bidjar normally well-known for their wet loom technique, which comes with wetting the warp, weft, and yarn with liquid through the weaving procedure to really make the elements slimmer and finer. This permits for tighter weaving.As soon as the rug is full and dried, the wool and cotton expand to really make the rug extremely thick and powerful.
The Fringe
At either end associated with the carpeting, the warp may develop many different fringes. The weaver determines the way they will profile the fringes, either by braiding, knotting, or twisting it. The type and duration of edge is not a regular attribute of rugs of the same area as well as the fringes have absolutely nothing related to the quality of the carpeting.
tools always make hand-knotted rugsThe Dyes
Through to the introduction of chemical dyes inside late 19th century, just all-natural shade sources like fruits, vegetables, bark, origins and fungi were utilized. Best had been the madder root regularly produce reds, as well as the indigo plant for blues.
Fabric dyes tend to be more preferred these days but natural dyes will always be common in Persian tribal rugs. Before wool is dyed, it really is served by scouring in boiling water followed closely by steeping in a mordant. Then, it is put in a big cooking pot utilizing the prepared dye and boiled for some hours. It really is then rinsed in liquid until there isn't any more flowing of color.Although natural colors are quickly, they are doing fade a little over the course of time when exposed to direct sunlight and alkalis. This diminishing, however, creates a muted antique appearance which many individuals desire, and which can not be replicated with chemical dyes.

Washing Wool

Drying Out Wool

Dyed Wool

Desirable Rug Patterns

Afshan

Boteh

Ghab Koran

Hunting Scene

Image Design 1

Dyes such as fruits, veggie, barks, origins and fungi regularly dye rugsAllover

Aslimi

Outdoors

Garden Panel

Geometric Design

Herati Design 1

Herati Design 2

Image Style 2

Medallion

Moharamat

Gol

Gol Farang

Shikh-Safi

Image Style 3

Open-field

Geometric Style 2

Vase

Tree of Life

Methods & Construction

The Long Weaving Process
The weaving of stack rugs is a challenging and tiresome procedure which, depending on the high quality and size of the carpet, usually takes anywhere from a few months a number of many years to complete.
There are two practices in threading the wool. First could be the old fashion way of hand rotating it (many old rugs are hand spun). 2nd, is through using tools to spin the wool creating it into thread. Some rug weavers however use the old manner way of hand-spinning the wool to create wool carpeting rugs given that it helps make the wool softer, durable, and shiny.if the loom with basis is prepared they're going to focus on weaving knot by knot until one line knots its finished and weaver use a weft to protect the lines of knots and have them in line. With the use of different colors and few knots they're going to bring different shapes into the rug.Chemical dyes useful for Oriental rugs so that you can secure all of the weaving associated with rug after weaving the rug they weave kilim or chain weave.
The weft shots, propels or shotz pass horizontally inside and out of warp threads. It is attained by method of the heddle rod in addition to shed stick. The heddle pole is attached to alternate warp threads by way of loops so when it is raised half the warps tend to be raised producing a shed by which the weft shoots is threaded. Then your shed stick, which distinguishes other alternate warp threads, and is situated because of the warp ray (furthest from the weaver) is moved, providing a counter shed by which other wefts can be threaded. The very first part of the rug to be woven is a length of ‘kilim’ (wefted-faced plain-weave) and the same finish is applied to others end to accomplish the carpet. The kilim end acts as a company guard which prevents the rug from fraying. In metropolitan rugs, the kilim finishes are usually between 1 1/2 inches to 1/16 inch (1.5-38mm) in total. In tribal rugs, including, those woven by Kurdish, Turkoman or Baluchi weavers, lengthy kilm finishes might provide a decorative function during the ends of heap. Into the piled element of a rug, the wefts supply assistance the knots.
After completing a row of knots, the weaver passes on or higher weft shots in-and-out associated with warp threads, after that beats the material down by hand utilizing huge steel comb. The wefts hold the knot in place and their particular quantity and depth also determine the vertical knot count associated with the carpet. Therefore in a few tribal rugs made in Persia, as well as in some Caucasian and North African rugs, multiple wefts are supplied to separate the rows of knots and thus to offer vertically steeper designs, frequently, but at the price of creating a looser, less durable weave. Generally in most tribal and village rugs, the wefts tend to be of wool, less regularly of cotton fiber, although, as in the case of warps, the usage cotton has grown in certain places with this century. Cotton wefts are not fundamentally an indication of present manufacturing, nonetheless. In a number of very early Chinese and Persian rugs cotton fiber was the original weft material plus some early Turkoman rugs have actually cotton or mixed wool and cotton wefts. Woolen wefts in a lot of Persian, Turkish and some Caucasian rugs tend to be colored, primarily in a shade of purple; in other Caucasian rugs plus many Turkoman rugs, they have been of undyed ivory or brown wool. Silk wefts are observed not only in silk-pile rugs in some finely woven wool-pile rugs.
the entire process of washing wool that is used for weaving Persian rugs and Oriental rugs The process of drying wool which is used to create hand-knotted Persian rugs and Oriental rugs Dryed wool prepared to use in making Persian rugs and Oriental rugs Image carpet design and design


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